About the French language

French is one of the languages that are derived from Latin. These languages are collectively referred to as the Romance languages. French also became an important language in Africa as a result of the colonisation of large parts of Africa by France, particularly in the 19th Century. French has been the language of the European elite for a long time. Over these times, many French words have also been taken up by the English language. French is one of the six official languages of the United States and one of the 21 official European Union languages.

French language facts

Picture of the Eiffel tower in the distance

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Countries where French is spoken: France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Monaco, Canada and many African countries.

French is an official language in France, Algeria, Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Italy (Valle d'Aosta), The Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Laos, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Monaco, Niger, Senegal, The Seychelles, Chad, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu, United States (Louisiana), Vietnam and Switzerland.

Around 130 000 000 people have French as their mother tongue. The French language is regulated by the French Institute ( www.Academie-francaise.fr ).

The French alphabet is Roman and the language classification is as follows: Indo-European ---> Roman- --> Gaelic. One language that is strongly related to French is Corsican. The following languages are also related, although to a lesser degree: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Latin, Romanian and Papiamento.


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